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ISTQB 2011.04.08 22:14 by Ohing~

4.3 Specification-based or Black-box Techniques
Boundary value analysis, decision table testing, equivalence partitioning, state transition testing,
use case testing

4.3.1 Equivalence Partitioning

4.3.2 Boundary Value Analysis

4.3.3 Decision Table Testing

4.3.5 Use Case Testing

4.4 Structure-based or White-box Techniques
Code coverage, decision coverage, statement coverage, structure-based testing

Structure-based or white-box testing is based on an identified structure of the software or the
system, as seen in the following examples:
o Component level: the structure of a software component, i.e. statements, decisions, branches
or even distinct paths
o Integration level: the structure may be a call tree (a diagram in which modules call other
o System level: the structure may be a menu structure, business process or web page structure

4.4.1 Statement Testing and Coverage

4.4.2 Decision Testing and Coverage

4.4.3 Other Structure-based Techniques

4.5 Experience-based Techniques

Exploratory testing, (fault) attack

4.6 Choosing Test Techniques

5. Test Management

5.1 Test Organization
Tester, test leader, test manager

5.1.1 Test Organization and Independence
Options for independence include the following:
o No independent testers; developers test their own code
o Independent testers within the development teams
o Independent test team or group within the organization, reporting to project management or
executive management
o Independent testers from the business organization or user community
o Independent test specialists for specific test types such as usability testers, security testers or
certification testers (who certify a software product against standards and regulations)
o Independent testers outsourced or external to the organization


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